Municipality of Mulanay, Province of Quezon
The municipal logo is an emblem which signifies agriculture as the main source of livelihood of the people in the area. The tree inside the circle symbolizes the coconut, the tree of life. The green color signifies hope.
At the lower portion of the tree stands for the ocean which conveys clearly of the people’s secondary source of livelihood – fishing. The color red on the lower right sides symbolizes courage and valor to herald the municipality’s concern to preserve and protect the natural resources and its environment for the economic advantage of the people not only of the present but more so of the future generation.
Legend relates that Mulanay derived its name from the Tagalog word Malunay which means “plenty of lunay”. Lunay is the vernacular term for pili wax which is abundant in the area in which “Happy Berde Mulanay”, a flagship program of Mayor Joselito A. Ojeda’s goal is towards achieving full harmonization and convergence of programs, projects, and activities from the national government down to the local level in creating and sustaining greener environment. Countrywide is the National Greening Program of our President, His Excellency Benigno Simeon C. Aquino, III rolled out thru E.O. No. 26. On the ground is the local initiative for the “Clean and Green Todo Todo Project of Mayor Joselito Tito Ojeda” called Happy BERDE Mulanay: The Museum of Trees—Municipality.
In coordination with the Protected Area Management Board (PAMB), Mulanay is developing and maintaining the Buenavista Protected Landscape at Sitio Kamhantik, Barangay Buenavista, measuring to more or less 284 hectares. This has an elevation of about 394 meters above sea level and recorded as the highest mountain in Bondoc Peninsula. This forest reserved will be maximized and used as “Open Museum” for different variety of tree where endangered species shall be protected, restored, and preserved. In line with this, the Municipal Tourism Council is now maximizing its strengths and potentials because the presence of different kinds of trees will surely make Mulanay different and unique compared to others hence, will attract more tourists from other areas, locally and abroad.
The findings of the conducted archaeological exploration and excavation at Mt. Kamhantik Archaeological Site by the team from the National Museum headed by Dr. Eusebio Z. Dizon, Scientist III and a world renown archaeologist says Mulanay was inhabited by an organized community in the year 500AD-1300AD, who were our ancestors belonging to the Austronesian speaking people and originated from Taiwan (Peter Belwood). Austronesian people or Austronesian-speaking people are various populations found in Asia, Oceania and Africa that speak languages of the Austronesian family. These include Taiwanese aborigines; the majority ethnic groups of Malaysia, East Timor, the Philippines, Indonesia, Brunei, Singapore, Madagascar, Micronesia, and Polynesia, as well as the Polynesian people of New Zealand and Hawaii, and the non-Papuan people of Melanesia. The Austronesian language is a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members on continental Asia. Austronesian languages are spoken by about 386 million people, making it the fifth-largest language family by number of speakers (Wikipedia).
The result of the C-14 (carbon dating) on teeth found in burial No.5 at the Mt Kamhantik Archaeological Site was dated in the year 890AD or 1,220 years old (radio carbon dating result for sample IV2011F657AB, BETA ANALYTIC INC. MIAMI, FLORIDA, USA). The recent archaeological investigation on July 15-30, 2015 found a surface archaeological artifact, stone tool. And according to Dr. Eusebio Z. Dizon, Scientist III, it was a tool from the Neolithic period 10,000 BC-2,000 BC used for carving , cutting and sharpening. Other artifacts found were potteries with incised designs which were similar to the early Huynh-Kalanay Potteries of Taiwan and Vietnam from the period of 1000 BCE and 200 CE. Some were also present in the different areas in the Philippines like Sarangani, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Bicol, Masbate and many others dating to 1000BC-300AD. Ceramics shreds from the Sung Dynasty (960AD-1279AD) were are also found in the area. These archaeological findings were evidences showing the participation of our ancestors from Mt. Kamhantik to a trade network in 500AD-1300AD.
The evangelization of Mulanay by the Franciscan Missionaries was in 1600 while its civil foundation as a municipality was effected in 1745 through the approval of the King of Spain. During the Spanish regime, Mulanay was composed of the municipal territories of San Narciso, San Francisco, Catanauan and San Andres which was as big as the province of Bataan. In 1755, Catanauan became a separate municipality followed by other remaining municipalities. Mulanay’s territorial jurisdiction was reduced to 42,000 hectares. The original town of Mulanay composed of six (6) barangays was raided by the Moro pirates that led the town’s executive together with the barangay heads to transfer the town site to the so called Mayordomo, a sitio of Barangay Latangan. After several years, raids along coastal areas were lessened. The people returned to the town site, however, few barangay heads disagreed and left for Bantuin, Marinduque and Mindoro.
The populace of Mulanay is composed of different ethnic groups like Tagalogs, Visayas and Bicolanos. Although they have some dissimilarity, they manage to live harmoniously with love, respect and understanding that serve as great factors valuable to social changes toward development and progress. Based on the National Statistics Office Census Calendar Year 2010, it has a population of 50,826.
The first town head of Mulanay during the Spanish Regime was Alcalde Mayor Eustaquio Manlangit, while the first town mayor during the American Occupation was Mayor Atanacio Ojeda. The municipality had been under twenty seven mayors from Spanish Regime up to present. The incumbent mayor is Honorable Joselito A. Ojeda.
At present, Mulanay is composed of twenty eight (28) barangays, four of which comprise the poblacion. The municipality is an agricultural town where farm crops like coconut, garlic, bananas, rice, corn, peanuts, mongo, ginger, squash, and other vegetables are abundantly harvested. Mulanay lies along the coast of Tayabas Bay, an abundant fishing ground.
The richness of Mulanay not only lies in her buried treasures, bountiful harvest from the vast fertile lands, but also on her industrious, peace-loving, hospitable and God-fearing people, qualities proving its impression of Mulanay sa Pusod ng Paraiso.